The male teenage years are fraught with challenges; whilst teens may seemed to eat constantly, it's hard to know if they're getting all they need during these critical years through puberty and beyond when their bodies & minds are still developing.
The five essential brain nutrients include:
Iodine: many teenagers have low levels of iodine. Iodine deficiency in children and adolescents is associated with poorer school performance, reduced achievement and IQ
Omega-3 fatty acids: omega-3 fatty acids are essential for growth and development for all stages of life. The benefits of omega-3s are many including support of optimal brain development.
Iron: An iron deficiency during adolescence may be associated with reduced work capacity and a less efficient response to exercise. Iron requirements for boys increase during a growth spurt as new muscle is laid down.
Zinc: zinc is an important nutrient associated with normal cognitive functioning, attention and memory. Zinc is also important for immune function, cell growth and repair. Long term effects of mild zinc deficiency include delayed wound healing, and impaired immune function.
Vitamin B12: another important nutrient for the normal function of all cells and for the metabolism of carbohydrates.