Edward De Bono's Smart Thinking
NOTE:Read by De Bono himself, makes it all more
interesting. Dr. De Bono puts the tools for creative thinking in a
nutshell. If you have never been exposed to De bono before, this is
a must. If you are a fan of De Bono it acts as a refresher course in
the Six Hats and Lateral Thinking tools. I am using this as the 1st
step in introducing De Bono's techniques to my top managers.If you
like De Bono you will more than enjoy this audio-cassette. This is
my preference of all the De Bono audio-cassettes so far.
Good thinking is
not a matter of intelligence, not a gift -- it is a skill that can
be practiced and developed like any other. And whether you're a
student, business executive or homemaker, the quality of the way you
think is your greatest asset.
Now, the leading international authority in the field of creative
thinking and the teaching of thinking skills presents a practical,
easy-to-follow program to help you develop the tools and techniques
of good thinking.
Lateral Thinking is a revolutionary method of generating new
concepts and solutions -- a way to break your traditional patterns
to approaching problems and achieve unforeseen, more effective
The Six Thinking Hats is a technique that utilizes six very
different modes of thinking to achieve more effective
problem-solving and decision-making.
About the Author(s)
Edward de Bono
Dr. Edward De Bono,
creator of the concept of Lateral Thinking, is the leading
international authority in the field of creative thinking and the
teaching of thinking skills. A former Rhodes scholar and the author of
over 45 books, his expertise has been sought by governments, major
corporations and educators the world over. Dr. de Bono resides in
Six Thinking Hats Edward de Bono.pdf
perspectives - Six Hats
The Six Thinking Hats
technique of Edward de Bono is a model that can be used for
exploring different perspectives towards a complex situation or challenge.
Seeing things in various ways is often a good idea in strategy formation
or complex decision-making processes.
The STH technique is
designed to help individuals deliberately adopt a variety of perspectives
on a subject that may be very different from the one that they might most
naturally assume. In wearing a particular thinking hat, people play roles,
or "as if" themselves into a particular perspective. For instance, one
could play the devilís advocate, even if only for the sake of generating
discussion. The purpose of devilís advocacy is to deliberately challenge
an idea: be critical, look for what is wrong with it.
Each of the Hats is named for a color that is mnemonically descriptive of
the perspective one adopts when wearing the particular hat. For example
the devilís advocacy is what one engages in when wearing the Black
The 6 hats and the
perspectives they represent are:
(Observer) White paper; Neutral; focus on information available,
objective FACTS, what is needed, how it can be obtained
(Self, Other) Fire, warmth; EMOTIONS, FEELINGS, intuition, hunches;
present views without explanation, justification
(Self, Other) Stern judge wearing black robe; judgmental; critical; why
something is wrong; LOGICAL NEGATIVE view.
Yellow (Self, Other) Sunshine; optimism;
LOGICAL POSITIVE view; looks for benefits, whatís good.
Green (Self, Other) Vegetation; CREATIVE
thinking; possibilities and hypotheses; new ideas
Blue (Observer) Sky; cool; overview;
CONTROL of PROCESS, STEPS, OTHER HATS; chairperson, organizer; thinking
De Bonoís hats are
indicative of both emotional states as well as frames of mind (i.e.,
perspective from which an issue is viewed). He noted: "Emotions are an
essential part of our thinking ability and not just something extra that
mucks up our thinking" (1985, p27). One thinking style (or hat) is not
inherently "better" than another. A full, balanced team recognizes the
need for all hats in order for the team to consider all aspects of
whatever issues they are facing.
Main benefits of Six
Thinking Hats method:
Allow to say things without risk
Create awareness that there are multiple perspectives on the issue at
Convenient mechanism for 'switching gears'
Rules for the game of thinking
Lead to more creative thinking
Improve decision making
Using the Six Hats
most group contexts, individuals tend to feel constrained to consistently
adopt a specific perspective (optimistic, pessimistic, objective, etc.).
This limits the ways and extent to which each individual and thus the
group as a whole can explore an issue. With the Six Thinking Hats, one is
no longer limited to a single perspective in oneís thinking. The hats are
categories of thinking behavior and not of people themselves. The purpose
of the hats is to direct thinking, not classify either the thinking or the
thinker. Indeed, by wearing a hat that is different from the one that one
customarily wears, one may chance upon a variety of new ideas. Wearing a
hat means deliberately adopting a perspective that is not necessarily
oneís own. It is important that all group members are aware of this fact.
A group member must clearly identify the color of the hat he is wearing
while making a statement. Wearing a clearly identified hat separates ego
from performance. The Six Hat Method is useful even for individuals
thinking by themselves.
Hats may be used in
some structured sequence depending on the nature of the issue. Here is an
example agenda for a typical 6 hats workshop:
Step 1: Present the facts of the case (White
Step 2: Generate ideas on how the case could be handled (Green Hat)
Step 3: Evaluate the merits of the ideas - List the benefits (Yellow Hat),
List the drawbacks (Black Hat)
Step 4: Get everybodyís gut feelings about the alternatives (Red
Step 5: Summarize and adjourn the meeting (Blue Hat)
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